Asthma can have many forms and many triggers can cause the attacks. If your child has asthma, you need to protect him or her from all the factors that may cause the attack or make asthma worse. Of course, you cannot create an ideal environment, but you can do two important things: remove the triggers as much as you can, and educate your child to avoid them and how to act in case of the attack.
Teach your child how to act
It is important to talk to talk to your child in all situations and about any problem. The same goes for asthma. If your child has asthma, you need to tell him or her about it, teach them how to take care of themselves and what to do in case of the attack. You can remove most of the triggers at home, but your child still needs to go to school and have social activities out of the “safe zone”. This is when he or she will need to take care of themselves and know what to do in case the attack occurs.
Managing asthma at home
As far as your home is concerned, this is where you have the control over the environment and the potential asthma triggers. Some of the most common indoor triggers are dust mites, cockroaches, pet dander and mold. In case your child has asthma, you need to get rid of these triggers in order to reduce the attacks at home.
To get rid of dust mites and pet hair, always wash your sheet in hot water, vacuum regularly and use asthma and allergy friendly mattresses and pillows. When it comes to mold and mildew, it usually occurs in humid environments, such as bathroom and kitchen. Make sure to keep these areas ventilated and change the towels on regular basis. In case mold appears, remove it with bleach or vinegar and dry the area thoroughly.
Children who are exposed to second hand smoke are also likely to have asthma attacks more often. In case you or your partner are smokers, never do it around your child. If you smoke indoors, always ventilate the room after smoking.
Managing asthma at school
While you can remove the risk factors at home, you will be unable to do so at your child’s school. This is why you need to take some additional precaution measures.
First of all, communicate. Teach your child about asthma and about the medications, as we mentioned above. Also, make sure to notify the teachers, school doctors and nurses, coaches and scout leaders about your child’s asthma. Provide them with complete and up-to-date information about your child’s condition and the medicine he or she needs to take. You should also provide emergency contact information, so they can reach you at any time if there is a need for that.
Last but not least, always make sure to pack and label your child’s medications. Teach your child how and when to use it, and establish a routine so you can be sure that the child will not forget to take the medicine at school.